With the arrival of spring you want to change the heavy coats for light and bright, not only for themselves but also for their pets. But hurry this is not necessary. Early spring – deceptive period, which is fraught with colds because of the fact that a change of clothes too quickly.
After a long winter of our pets weakened immunity. Of course, vitamins and mineral supplements to correct the situation somewhat, but still remains pretty open animal target for colds and infections. That is why it is not necessary with the first spring day or seek to strip the animals and send them out into the natural coat.
Of course, it was not an active, moving a lot of animals that have thick fur and a good undercoat, so in the winter and do not need no what to wear. Its coat makes them even in extreme cold! Most veterinarians are inclined to believe that the dog’s body temperature regulation is self-support, and wearing only dampen the body, reducing its immunity.
For example, many owners of dachshunds are convinced that these small dogs should wear without fail not only in winter but also in spring and autumn. But taxes – is hunting dogs and by nature they are very active and mobile, so they only need to warm during cold weather. Any clothing made of thick fabric allows a dog to ride only as a toy horse, hampering any other normal movements. Therefore, it should be worn only during a hard frost, when the walk does not involve games and active movements.
However, many fine breeds of dogs are not rewarded with a good nature, thick hair, and some did not have an undercoat, so freeze after 5 minutes of being on the street at zero temperature. That such sobachatiny it is imperative to wear.
Shape, taste and texture of these toys are incredibly diverse. Treats can be in the form of chicken legs, shoes, pigs’ ears, but the most popular is, of course, bones. Satisfies the following leather products, live animals and bones, smells and tastes of toys is also very different. Any dog comes in admiration of these delicacies. But you know, toys, disposable, and you should be prepared for the fact that they need to buy regularly, and they are not cheap.
Toys give not only fun, it’s nutritious and healthy products. Manufacturers take care of a balanced composition of products, using environmentally-friendly non-toxic ingredients. Moreover, often used in a production metal detectors in order to provide maximum security for your pets.
It is important to remember that the edible toys for dogs – is not only fun, but also food, so give it to your pet is in strictly limited quantities. In addition, you should consult your veterinarian for the presence of a dog allergy. So, if your pet beef protein intolerance, he should not use goodies from beef bones or veins.
When selecting a dog to keep in mind a lot. Whether you want a small dog or a huge dog? Who better to take hold of your small apartment – Dwarf Spitz or Pekingese? Would you prefer smooth-or long-haired breeds, given that long hair requires more care, and if she still light, it certainly will be visible on the carpet. Breed like a golden retriever – ideal purpose dog: and for father-hunter, and for the kids who need companion for games, and for my mother so she could walk, and once again, and not worried about the safety of the apartment. Airedale, despite a decent size, you are not so many places, he gets along wonderfully with children, but it can take quite a formidable sight to discourage the most shameless bullies – it has in common with a fearless little dachshund that has a voice unexpectedly powerful for such a small dog. Room-decorative dog can become loyal companions, and, despite the tiny growth, protect their masters, forgetting about their own lives. They are perfectly suited for urban residents, for older people who are not inclined to spend days wandering the woods and fields. But take their small children do not have to – the role of the living toys can end tragically for creatures with fragile bones. Boxers love children, however, like many other dog breeds, especially St. Bernard, bobtail and small spaniels. In general, most of the dogs are tied strongly to children, especially if they grow together, problems can arise only in the case when it comes to breed with a very strong protection instincts made her overly zealous.
Stopping finally opt for a particular breed, you have to decide the question of the quality, or class rating, dogs. Provided you with acquires a purebred dog with a pedigree, you should decide whether you need just a healthy, beautiful specimen of the breed, or participated in exhibitions. Beginners often make the mistake of thinking that buying any dog with a pedigree, they are of a future “star” shows. They are disappointed, they are outraged to the core, when the ring is that the dog does not meet exhibition standards of the breed. But this does not mean that they were deceived by the breeder. The fact that they sold a full, healthy dog, designed just for your home, and not a high-end breeding stock, with a price, and with them took a more moderate. The fact that your dog – “just a pet”, or in the least affect her later in life or health. It just means that the dog is not quite satisfies the stringent requirements of the ideal, which are included in the breed standard. It can grow up a bit higher, or, conversely, below the desired height, it may show some slight drawback exterior, which prevented it take first place at the shows, but is not hurt to be healthy, wanted and loved dog, always the first in your heart . The earliest age at which you can take a puppy from the mother – between eight and ten weeks, at this age, as a rule, and sell the majority of litters. But at such a tender age is sometimes impossible to guess which of the puppies destined victorious show career. That is why breeders are holding promising puppies in the hope that they would be “exhibition” dogs. If you want to be sure that you are buying show dog, you have to deprive yourself of the joys and concerns, which can give a dog for the first 6 months – or even more – of their puppy life. No breeder would object to inspection before buying a puppy vet. When buying you have to get the card on pedigree puppy breeder and signed a document to sell the dog, which will give you an opportunity for a small fee to register a dog in his own name (instead of a breeder or sell it to a person) in the Kennel Club. These documents are necessary because without them, the dog can be set only in a free class, and her offspring will cost significantly less than other purebred dogs. The most responsible and reliable breeders supply buyers instruction feeding and keeping the puppy. They also inform the owner of the next term de-worming, vaccinations and more.
Cats tend to sharpen the claws, but they are quite normal behavior is hard to reconcile with the stay in the apartment.
From an early age should be strictly domestic cat scratching prohibit any items of value. Stop unwanted behavior can be a simple command “no”, to enhance the impact it is accompanied by a short sharp sound (like clapping).
Show cats are required to have well manicured nails, otherwise they are disqualified. It’s best to cut nails as follows: Sit and place the cat on his back on his lap. After each movement of scissors stroking her belly. By means of special tweezers cut the tips of nails, in any case not moving border pink triangle, which is the fleshy part of the bed of the claw. Cutting off a great position, you can cause excessive bleeding, and in addition, the cat long remember the painful sensations associated with nail clipping, and next time you will have hard times.
Conversely, if the animal gets used to this procedure and will consider it as one of the rituals of your relationship, nail clipping before the show will not be easy for you.
Eye care is required only if they begin to tear, but do not attempt to treat the animal itself, is always best to seek the advice of a veterinarian.
The ears should be cleaned only when it detects them brownish or yellowish formations. If your cat starts to scratch his ear violently or constantly tilts his head, you should immediately consult a doctor to refrain from any self-treatment – perhaps the ear object has fallen. Never use ear sticks with cotton balls (they just pushed into deeper sulfur or foreign objects to the eardrum) and certainly advice from your veterinarian before using any therapeutic and hygienic means.
Is the care with which some cats for a clean tray after sending natural needs, leading some to wash it and replace the filler after each use. We will not go so far as to advise the hygienic zeal, but every day to check the status tray and remove the dirt but when necessary, of course, necessary. Here, much still depends on the type of filler tray. Fillers of bentonite or sepiolite usually well absorb urine, and the resulting pellets with as dung, easy to remove a small shovel. The advantages of these trays are obvious, because they are significantly “reduce the spread of the house smells that hinder not only the hosts or guests, but also to animals. Pungent smell repels cats and makes us look for the administration of the needs of others, even the less fit, but more pleasant to their opinion, the place (this place can be and and a bathroom, and a flower pot, etc.).
Conventional trays without absorbent filler should be cleaned daily.
Apartment of 25 m2 is our minimum space, which can live cat. But in this case, the owner must provide for their pitomitsy opportunity – whether by means of various shelving units, or not too high cabinet – watch the scene from above, and in addition, to sharpen claws (for this, old barrel fit more than what-any patented special board).
Clean the tray for receiving natural needs, especially in the confined space of a small apartment, where he quickly apply any smells – the main condition for prevention of various violations of purity.
When the house is home to several cats, it is best if each of them is a tray (within reason, of course, have to stay 4).
First specialized dry pet food was manufactured in the 1860s American electrician James Spratt. He invented the “dog biscuit”, encompassing what is wheat, vegetables and beef blood.
1930s. The idea of producing food grains received and widely disseminated by many companies (Nabisco, Quaker Oats, Gaines Food). Manufacturers rely on ease of use of dry feed. At this stage, the composition of feed is high in cereal ingredients that provide long term storage, as well as increased levels of carbohydrates, which are a source of energy. The global economic crisis has led to the development of the market of cheap feed, which were used for the production of by-products. Available appear dry food from meat meal of Gaines Food.
1960s. Dry pet food made from the meat industry wastes and crops, which are not suitable for use and human consumption. Feed are low cost, allowing manufacturers claim that feeding dogs and cats can be economical. Having the first debate on the benefits of dry food – they do not cause harm to the health of animals.
1970s. Packaged food manufacturers insist on two advantages of their products – ease of use and usefulness. Faster and easier to pour into the bowl of dry food than cook their own food for the animals, while it is believed that a diet consisting of dry food, does not require any additives, and food “on the table” is not suitable for feeding cats and dogs.
In the same period there are special dietary foods that are intended for animals with various diseases or functional disorders of the body. But for the most part, except in special packaging, they are no different from ordinary feed.
In veterinary clinics are beginning to advice on feeding pets and recommend different diets for animals that are presented as a complex food. However, most vets do not have a sufficiently high level of knowledge in the field of nutrition of animals.
1980s. Appear feed grade “super premium”. They are advertised as a better and more nutritious, with an exclusive formula, targeted at different age groups of animals. However, the production of the vast majority of food continues to use the old standard, which means high in grains and carbohydrates and low in meat and protein.
1990s. Widely disseminated the idea of healthy eating: carefully watching their own menu buyers have become more discerning when choosing pet food. This leads to the so-called “holistic” feed, which add such specific ingredients, such as brown rice. Similar composition impressed notions customers about healthy eating, but does not meet the needs of the animals, which by their nature are carnivores (predators), that is to eat meat. The basis of the feed still make grains and carbohydrates.
2000s. Most dry foods are still made of highly processed ingredients, and the level of content of grains and carbohydrates than 50% of the ratio of nutrients. But there is a big supporter of the theory of “the power of nature” – according to her diet of cats and dogs must meet the biological needs of the animals. The hosts are beginning to think about what to feed their pets rather rich in proteins, that is close in composition to the food you are eating predators in the wild.
Cats and dogs live in our homes for centuries, so we usually refer to them as pets. And it does not stop to think that physiologically our dogs in that time have not changed: they remained predators. It is therefore very important to make sure that their food was as close to a natural diet. What does this mean?
The basis of the power of cats and dogs should be proteins, they determine correct operation of animals, including the regeneration of cells, hormones and enzymes, fluid maintenance, etc. It is extremely important that the protein was an animal, not vegetable. Why? Because the physiological characteristics of cats and dogs determined easier assimilation of animal proteins, which are a source of protein and contain all the essential amino acids. In the same plant protein lacks important for carnivores amino acids, for example, arginine, taurine, methionine, lysine and tryptophan.
Food for cats and dogs should include a sufficient amount of fat that give animals energy and enrich their body fatty acids Omega-3 and Omega-6. The latter is necessary to stimulate the growth of brain cells, improve vision, hearing and smell of our pets. The quality of fat is also important – they must be of vegetable and animal origin. And the best source of healthy dog and cat fat, of course, the fish – salmon, lake whitefish, trout, pike, burbot, herring, etc.
Food animals should be low-carb. In the natural diet of cats and dogs almost no carbohydrates (found only in the form of digested in the stomach production) and animal physiology does not allow their assimilation. Excess carbohydrates also leads to increased levels of blood sugar, which promotes the cats and dogs of obesity, insulin resistance, diabetes and other serious diseases. However, not all carbohydrates are the same. Dangerous to the health of animals, those that have a high glycemic index, as the cause spike in blood sugar. These carbohydrates are found mostly in grains, such as white rice, maize, wheat, barley, etc. Therefore, these plants should not be included in the diet of pets. The inclusion in food animals nizkoglikemicheskih carbohydrates contained in vegetables and fruits are allowed. In addition, in the case of dry food, then do without carbs is impossible because they are necessary to make the granules form.
The diet of four-legged pets should not be an excess of calcium and phosphorus. The fact that excessive calcium intake can lead to stunted growth and development of bones and joints, and the excess phosphorus has a negative effect on the kidneys of animals. Therefore, it is best if these minerals cats and dogs will be available in organic form, with a meat diet, and not as an additive in the form of oxides and sulfates.
It is advisable that the diet includes fruits, vegetables, and phytochemicals. Fruits and vegetables are useful for animals with vitamins, minerals and fiber, and phytochemicals help eliminate toxins from the body, tone and strengthen the internal organs, glands and tissues, thus supporting, healthy cats and dogs.
Everyone who cares about the health of their pets, be sure to consider these factors. Unfortunately, when cooking at home to do it is quite difficult, because all the ingredients must be present in the menu cat or dog in strictly defined proportions. To solve this problem today help biologically relevant finished feeds that take into account features of animals and match their natural diet